Orchestra of Welsh National Opera
Welsh National Opera
Welsh National Opera (WNO) is an opera company founded in Cardiff, Wales in 1946. The WNO tours Wales, the United Kingdom and the rest of the world extensively. Annually, it gives more than 120 performances of eight main scale operas. In Cardiff, Bristol, Birmingham, Liverpool, Llandudno, Oxford, Milton Keynes, Plymouth, Southampton and Swansea, they regularly perform to over 150,000 people.
Although productions were initially sung in English translation, from the 1970s onwards, operas were increasingly sung in the original languages; not only Italian, German and French, but also Russian and Czech. Surtitles were also provided.
In 2004, WNO acquired its first permanent home in Cardiff in the Wales Millennium Centre, a performing arts centre in Cardiff Bay.
The opera company consists of a professional orchestra (The Orchestra of Welsh National Opera) and a professional choir (The Chorus of Welsh National Opera). Sometimes, the orchestra and the choir perform at events independently of one another. The orchestra and the choir often perform at St David's Hall in Cardiff and at other venues throughout Wales.
Past WNO music directors have included Vilém Tauský, Warwick Braithwaite, Sir Richard Armstrong and Sir Charles Mackerras. Carlo Rizzi was music director from 1992 to 2001. Tugan Sokhiev became music director in 2003, initially with a five-year contract. However, Sokhiev terminated his contract in August 2004, after concerns about his relative inexperience and difficulties with the administration caused tension within WNO. Rizzi returned as WNO music director for his second tenure, and served in the post through the end of the 2007 summer season. In July 2008, WNO announced the appointment of the German conductor Lothar Koenigs as WNO's next music director, effective in 2009. He had first appeared with the WNO orchestra in 2005. Koenigs had subsequently conducted at WNO in February 2007 in David Pountney's production of Khovanshchina.
- Vilém Tauský (1951-1956)
- Warwick Braithwaite (1956–1960)
- Sir Charles Groves (1961–1963)
- Bryan Balkwill (1963–1967)
- Sir Richard Armstrong (1973–1986)
- Sir Charles Mackerras (1987–1992)
- Carlo Rizzi (1992–2001)
- Tugan Sokhiev (2003–2004)
- Carlo Rizzi (2004–2007)
- Lothar Koenigs (2009-present)
- Charlotte Higgins, Welsh opera has a home at last, The Guardian, 2005-02-21. URL accessed on 2008-12-06.
- Charlotte Higgins, Welsh National Opera's music director quits after discord in company, The Guardian, 2004-08-21. URL accessed on 2008-12-06.
- James Inverne, "Carlo Rizzi resigns as music director of WNO - again". Gramophone, 9 May 2007.
- Vivien Schweitzer, Welsh National Opera Music Director Steps Down for Second Time, Playbill Arts, 2007-05-09. URL accessed on 2007-05-12.
- German appointed WNO musical director, Cardiff What's On, 2008-07-20. URL accessed on 2008-12-06.
- Graham Melville-Mason, Obituaries: Vilem Tausky, The Independent, 19 March 2004. URL accessed on 2009-10-10.
- Welsh National Opera
- Wales Millennium Centre: Home to WNO
- Welsh National Opera Theatre Breaks
- "The First Digital Tristan - a talk with the Maestro, the Hero and the Boss" by Bruce Duffie. Wagner News, February, 1982.
|Culture and Recreation in Cardiff|
|Performing Arts||Cardiff Singer of the World BBC National Orchestra of Wales Welsh National Opera Wales Millennium Centre Cardiff International Arena St David's Hall Cardiff City Hall New Theatre Sherman Cymru Chapter Arts Centre Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama|
|Music Venues and Acts||Cardiff music scene Clwb Ifor Bach Coal Exchange Spillers Records Barfly Cardiff University Students' Union Bute Park Roald Dahl Plass Charlotte Church Shirley Bassey Catatonia Super Furry Animals The Oppressed Kids in Glass Houses Los Campesinos! The Hot Puppies Pagan Wanderer Lu Budgie Shakin' Stevens The Automatic Jem Funeral for a Friend Lostprophets Bullet for My Valentine Stereophonics Manic Street Preachers|
|Festivals||National Eisteddfod Urdd Eisteddfod Party in the Park Cardiff Design Festival Sn Tsunami Relief Cardiff|
|Museums and Galleries||National Museum Cardiff St Fagans National History Museum Welch Regiment Museum Norwegian Church Arts Centre The Gate Doctor Who Exhibition Centre|
|Entertainment||Cardiff Central Library Red Dragon Centre Mermaid Quay Hard Rock Cafe Millennium Plaza The Glee Club|
|Parks||Bute Park Roath Park Victoria Park|
|Shopping||Arcades St. David's Centre St. David's 2 Queens Arcade Capitol Centre Central Market Howells|
|Economy and Industry of Cardiff|
|Company and Organisation Headquarters||118 118 Admiral Insurance Clark's Pies BBC Wales Bell Insurance Elephant.co.uk ITV Wales Lisol Peski Records Placid Casual Plastic Raygun Principality Building Society Brains Brewery S4C The Barcud Derwen Group ULTra Veritair WJEC Wales Social Partners Unit Welsh Assembly Government Welsh National Opera|
|Company and Organisation Major Location||Legal & General HBOS Zurich Financial Services ING Direct The AA British Gas SWALEC BT British Airways Engineering|
|Retail||St. David's Centre Queens Arcade Capitol Centre Arcades Red Dragon Centre Cardiff Bay Retail Park Capital Retail Park Culverhouse Cross|
|Hospitality||St David's Hotel & Spa Copthorne Marriot Hilton|
|Regeneration and Development||Cardiff Bay Cardiff International Sports Village Cardiff International Pool Cardiff Bay Development Corporation St. David's 2 Leckwith Development|
|Tourism||Wales Millennium Centre St Fagans National History Museum National Museum Cardiff Castle Senedd Cardiff Bay Visitor Centre Techniquest|
|19th and 20th Centuries||Tiger Bay Cardiff Docks Coal Exchange South Wales coalfield|