Orchestre de Paris
Orchestre de Paris
The Orchestre de Paris (French pronunciation: [ɔʁkɛstʁ də paʁi]) is a French orchestra based in Paris. The orchestra currently performs most of its concerts at the Philharmonie de Paris.
In 1967, following the dissolution of the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, the French Minister of Culture, André Malraux, and his director of music, Marcel Landowski, engaged conductor Charles Munch to create a new orchestra in Paris. Soon after its creation, Munch died in 1968, and Herbert von Karajan was hired as an interim music advisor from 1969 to 1971. Successive music directors include Sir Georg Solti, Daniel Barenboim, and Semyon Bychkov. Christoph von Dohnányi served as artistic advisor from 1998 to 2000.
During his tenure, Barenboim saw a need for a permanent chorus for the orchestra, and engaged the English chorus master Arthur Oldham to create the Chœur de l'Orchestre de Paris in 1976. Oldham remained with the Chorus till his retirement in 2002. From 2002 to 2011, Didier Bouture and Geoffroy Jourdain shared direction of the Chorus, which is now run by Lionel Sow.
Christoph Eschenbach was music director from 2000 to 2010. He conducted recordings of music of Luciano Berio, Marc-André Dalbavie, and Albert Roussel with the orchestra. In May 2007, Paavo Järvi was named the orchestra's sixth music director, effective from the 2010–11 season. Järvi is scheduled to conclude his tenure with the Orchestre de Paris at the conclusion of his current contract, at the end of the summer of 2016. In June 2015, the orchestra announced the appointments of Daniel Harding as its 9th principal conductor, and of Thomas Hengelbrock as principal guest conductor, effective September 2016.
In 1998, Crédit Lyonnais, which had control of the Salle Pleyel, sold the hall to the French businessman Hubert Martigny. The Salle Pleyel was closed in 2002, which left the orchestra without a resident hall. The Théâtre des Champs-Élysées and Théâtre du Châtelet both presented the orchestra during the 2001–02 season. By the fall of 2002, the orchestra had secured the Théâtre Mogador, where it played its next four seasons. In 2003, the French government secured a new arrangement whereby Martigny would pay for renovations to the Salle Pleyel, and rent the hall to the Cité de la Musique, which would then be scheduled to purchase the hall in the year 2056. After renovations, the Salle Pleyel reopened in September 2006 and became once more the Orchestre de Paris's home base. The orchestra took up residence at the new Philharmonie de Paris, near the Cité de la Musique in the Parc de la Villette, after the opening of the hall ceremony which took place on 14 January 2015.
- Charles Munch (1967–68)
- Herbert von Karajan (musical advisor, 1969–71)
- Sir Georg Solti (1972–75)
- Daniel Barenboim (1975–89)
- Semyon Bychkov (1989–98)
- Christoph von Dohnányi (artistic advisor, 1998–2000)
- Christoph Eschenbach (2000–10)
- Paavo Järvi (2010–16)
- Daniel Harding (2016-)
The Orchestre de Paris found itself in an unusual situation in 1989, when its performance of Ravel's Boléro became a hit on the Dutch pop chart. The recording, made in 1982 under the direction of Daniel Barenboim, was released as a CD-single to coincide with the success of the song "No more boleros" by the Dutch pop singer Gerard Joling, which included parts of the Ravel work. With its playing time of 17 minutes, the Orchestre de Paris single remains the longest recording ever in the Dutch Top 40.
- Holoman, D. Kern, Charles Munch. Oxford University Press (ISBN 978-0-19-977270-4), p. 211 (2012).
- Andrew Clements (5 August 2005). "Berio: Stanze; Rendering, Henschel/ French Army Chorus/ Orchestre de Paris/ Eschenbach". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- Andrew Clements (1 April 2005). "Dalbavie: Color; Violin Concerto; Ciaccona, Chijiiwa/ Orchestre de Paris/ Eschenbach". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- Tim Ashley (5 May 2006). "Roussel: Symphony No 2; Bacchus et Ariane, Orchestre de Paris/ Eschenbach". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- Tim Ashley (18 April 2008). "Roussel: Symphony No 3; Le Festin de l'Araignée, Orchestre de Paris/ Eschenbach". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- Westphal, Matthew (31 May 2007). "Paavo Järvi to Succeed Christoph Eschenbach at Helm of Orchestre de Paris". Playbill Arts. Retrieved 1 June 2007.
- George Loomis (28 August 2014). "France's New Music Temple". New York Times. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "Daniel Harding nouveau directeur musical de l'Orchestre de Paris et Thomas Hengelbrock chef associé à partir de la saison 2016–2017" (PDF) (Press release). Orchestre de Paris. 11 June 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Alan Riding (23 September 2006). "After Much Retuning, a Concert Hall Is Reborn". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- Alan Riding (14 April 2007). "Building a Paris Hall Around Its Audience". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- l'Orchestre de Paris official website (in French) (in English)