born on 22/9/1733 in Eichstätt, Bayern, Germany
died on 14/3/1760 in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Anton Fils (also Antonín Fils, Johann Anton Fils, Johann Anton Filtz) (22 September 1733 (baptized) – 14 March 1760 (buried)) was a German classical composer.
Fils was born in Eichstätt, Germany. Long thought to have been of Bohemian origin (e.g., Racek 1956), despite having been described as "from Bavaria" by Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg in 1756, his true origins were discovered in the 1960s (Wolf 2001). Fils studied law and theology at the University of Ingolstadt, and in 1754 became part of the "Mannheimer Hofkapelle" as a cellist. The Mannheim orchestra at the time was led by Johann Stamitz (Würtz & Wolf 2001). In 1757 Fils married Elizabeth Range, and in 1759 the couple bought a house.
Even though he died at only age 26, he left an extensive body of work, including at least thirty-four symphonies and about thirty concertos, mainly for cello and for flute, though only about half have survived.
Fils died in Mannheim.
His music was mostly forgotten before being rediscovered in the 21st century.
- Littger, Klaus Walter (1983). Johann Anton Filsein Eichstätter Komponist der Mannheimer Klassik, Tutzing: H. Schneider. (German)
- Racek, Jan. 1956. "Beitrag zur Frage des 'mozartschen' Stils in der tschechischen vorklassischen Musik". In 'Internationale Konferenz über das Leben und Werk W.A. Mozarts, edited by Václav Dobiá, Pavel Eckstein, and Antonín Sychra. Prague: Svaz eskoslovenských Skladatel.
- Sondheimer, Robert (1925). Die Theorie der Sinfonie und die Beurteilung einzelner Sinfoniekomponisten bei den Musikschriftstellern des 18. Jahrhunderts. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel.
- Townsend, Douglas (1987). Foreword to the score of Filtz's String Symphony No. 2 in C major, Opus 2. New York: Henmar Press
- Wolf, Eugene K. (2001). "Fils [Filtz, Filz], (Johann) Anton". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Würtz, Roland, and Eugene K. Wolf (2001). "Mannheim". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Free scores by Anton Fils in the International Music Score Library Project