born in 1878 in Cavarzere, Veneto, Italy
died in 1968 in Roma, Latium, Italy
Tullio Serafin (1 September 18782 February 1968) was an Italian conductor.
Tullio Serafin was a leading Italian opera conductor with a long career and a very broad repertoire who revived many 19th-century bel canto operas by Bellini, Rossini and Donizetti to become staples of 20th-century repertoire. He had an unparalleled reputation as a coach of young opera singers and famously harnessed and developed Maria Callas's considerable talents.
Born in Rottanova (Cavarzere), near Venice, and trained in Milan, he played viola in the Orchestra of La Scala, Milan under Arturo Toscanini, later being appointed Assistant Conductor. He took over as Musical Director at La Scala when Toscanini left to go to New York, and served 1909-1914, 1917-1918, and returned briefly after the Second World War, 1946 -1947.
He joined the conducting staff of the Metropolitan Opera in 1924, and remained for a decade, after which he became the artistic director of the Teatro Reale in Rome. During his long career he helped further the careers of many important singers, including Rosa Ponselle, Magda Olivero, Dame Joan Sutherland, and Callas, with whom he made several recordings.
Serafin was instrumental in expanding the repertory, conducting the Italian premieres of works by Alban Berg, Paul Dukas, and Benjamin Britten. He also conducted important world premieres by both Italian and American composers, such as Franco Alfano, Italo Montemezzi, Deems Taylor, and Howard Hanson.
- Verdi Requiem (Caniglia, Stignani, Gigli, Pinza; 1939) EMI
- Un ballo in maschera (Caniglia, Barbieri, Gigli, Bechi; 1943) EMI
- Il barbiere di Siviglia (de los Ángeles, Monti, Bechi, Rossi-Lemeni; 1952) EMI
- Lucia di Lammermoor (Callas, di Stefano, Gobbi, Arié; 1953) EMI
- I puritani (Callas, di Stefano, Panerai, Rossi-Lemeni; 1953) EMI
- Cavalleria rusticana (Callas, di Stefano, Panerai; 1953) EMI
- Norma (Callas, Stignani, Filippeschi, Rossi-Lemeni; 1954) EMI
- Pagliacci (Callas, di Stefano, Monti, Gobbi, Panerai; 1954) EMI
- La forza del destino (Callas, Tucker, Tagliabue, Rossi-Lemeni; 1954) EMI
- Aida (Callas, Barbieri, Tucker, Gobbi; 1955) EMI
- Rigoletto (Callas, di Stefano, Gobbi, Zaccaria; 1955) EMI
- La traviata (Stella, di Stefano, Gobbi; 1955) EMI
- Turandot (Callas, Schwarzkopf, Fernandi, Zaccaria; 1957) EMI
- Manon Lescaut (Callas, di Stefano, Fioravanti; 1957) EMI
- Médée (Callas, Scotto, Pirazzini, Picchi, Modesti; 1957) Ricordi
- Suor Angelica (de los Ángeles, Barbieri; 1957) EMI
- Tosca (Stella, Poggi, Taddei; 1957) Philips
- L'elisir d'amore (Carteri, Alva, Panerai, Taddei; 1958) EMI
- Madama Butterfly (Tebaldi, Cossotto, Bergonzi, Sordello; 1958) Decca
- Lucia di Lammermoor (Callas, Tagliavini, Cappuccilli, adysz; 1959) EMI
- La bohème (Tebaldi, d'Angelo, Bergonzi, Bastianini, Siepi; 1959) Decca
- Norma (Callas, Ludwig, Corelli, Zaccaria; 1960) EMI
- Otello (Rysanek, Pirazzini, Vickers, Gobbi; 1960) RCA
- Il trovatore (Stella, Cossotto, Bergonzi, Bastianini; 1962) Deutsche Grammophon
- Warrack, John and West, Ewan (1992), The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, 782 pages, ISBN 0-19-869164-5
- [Tullio Serafin at All Music Guide AMG AllMusic entry]