born on 10/12/1831 in Paris, Île-de-France, France
died on 19/3/1901
Philippe Emile François Gille (10 December 1831 – 19 March 1901) was a French dramatist and opera librettist, who was born and died in Paris. He wrote over twenty librettos between 1857 and 1893, the most famous of which are Massenet's Manon and Delibes' Lakmé.
Although Gille studied law and was a clerk for a time at the Préfecture de la Seine, he became secretary of the Théâtre Lyrique then from 1869 an art and music critic for Le Figaro.
Gille was elected to the Académie des beaux-arts in 1899.
Librettos by Philippe Gille
- Vent du soir, ou L'horrible festin (1857)
- Le carnaval des revues (1860)
- Jeanne qui pleure et Jean qui rit (1864)
- Les bergers (1865)
- Pierrette et Jacquot (1876)
- Le docteur Ox (1877)
- Monsieur de Bonne-étoile (1860)
- Le serpent à plumes (1864)
- Jean de Nivelle (1880)
- Lakmé (1883)
- Kassya (1893)
- Rip van Winkle (1882)
- Manon (1884)
- Georges Moreau, Revue universelle : recueil documentaire universel et illustré, vol. 11, Paris, Larousse, 1901, p.430.
- Smith C. Philippe Gille. In: The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. Macmillan, London and New York, 1997.
- Works by or about Philippe Gille at Internet Archive