born on 10/8/1556 in Bad Arolsen-Mengeringhausen, Hessen, Germany
died on 26/10/1608 in Hamburg, Germany
Philipp Nicolai (10 August 1556 26 October 1608) was a German Lutheran pastor, poet, and composer, author of two famous hymns: "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme" and "Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern", sometimes referred to as the King and Queen of Chorales, respectively. These two chorales have inspired many composers, including Johann Sebastian Bach, whose chorale cantatas Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern, BWV 1, and Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 140, are based on them. Bach's organ transcription of the latter, as published in the Schübler Chorales, has become world famous. Nicolai is supposed to be the last example of the Meistersinger tradition, in which words and music, text and melody stem from one and the same person.
He is commemorated as a hymnwriter in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church on 26 October with Johann Heermann and Paul Gerhardt.
- Philipp Nicolai 1556-1608 (The Cyber Hymnal)
- Philipp Nicolai (1556-1608) (The Hymns and Carols of Christmas)
- Philipp Nicolai Biography
|Hymns||A Mighty Fortress Is Our God • Christ Jesus Lay in Death's Strong Bands • God's Word Is Our Great Heritage • How Great Thou Art • How Lovely Shines the Morning Star • Jesus Loves Me • Lo, How a Rose E'er Blooming • In Thee alone, O Christ, my Lord • O Lord, Look Down from Heaven • Now Thank We All Our God • O Dearest Jesus, What Law Hast Thou Broken • O Sacred Head, Now Wounded • Passion Hymns • Wake, Awake, for Night is Flying • Now come, Saviour of the gentiles|
|Hymnals||Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary · Evangelical Lutheran Worship · Lutheran Book of Worship · Lutheran Hymnal · Lutheran Hymnal with Supplement · Lutheran Service Book · Lutheran Worship · Service Book and Hymnal|
|Topics||Cantata • Chorale • Chorale prelude • Hymn of the day • Passion music|
|People||Johann Sebastian Bach • Dieterich Buxtehude • Johann Crüger • Simon Dach • Claus Harms • Paul Gerhardt • Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig • Johann Heermann • Martin Luther • Felix Mendelssohn • Philipp Nicolai • Johann Pachelbel • Hallgrímur Pétursson • Michael Praetorius • Martin Rinkart • Johann von Rist • Carl Schalk • N. Samuel of Tranquebar • Jaroslav Vajda • Johann Walter • Catherine Winkworth • Johannes Zahn|