Edvard Armas Järnefelt
born on 14/8/1869 in Viipuri, Oblast Leningrad, Russian Federation
died on 23/6/1958 in Stockholm, Stockholms län, Sweden
Edvard Armas Järnefelt (14 August 1869 – 23 June 1958), was a Finnish conductor and composer, who achieved some minor success with his orchestral works Berceuse and Praeludium. He spent much of his conducting career at the Royal Swedish Opera in Stockholm, Sweden.
Armas Järnefelt was born in Vyborg, in the Grand Duchy of Finland, the son of General August Aleksander Järnefelt and Elisabeth Järnefelt (née Clodt von Jürgensburg).
Järnefelt studied with Ferruccio Busoni in Helsinki and with Jules Massenet in Paris. Both Järnefelt and Busoni enjoyed a close relationship with Jean Sibelius, who was married to Järnefelt's sister Aino. From 1905 Järnefelt had a long career as conductor at the Royal Swedish Opera in Stockholm, beginning as repetiteur from 1905-1911 (he became a Swedish citizen in 1909); conductor 1911-1923 and chief conductor 1923-1933.
Between 1932-36 Järnefelt was the artistic director and conductor of the Finnish National Opera. He presented, among others, Siegfried and Götterdämmerung from Wagner's Ring cycle, and Parsifal. He was principal conductor of the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra 1942–1943, and also returned to the Royal Swedish Opera as chief conductor from 1938 to 1946. He died in Stockholm.
Järnefelt's musical works include:
- Lyrical Overture (1892)
- Childhood Days (Lapsuuden ajoilta) (1892)
- Serenade for orchestra in six movements (1893)
- Symphonic poem Korsholma (1894)
- Suite for small orchestra (1895)
- Symphonic poem Heimathklang (lit. The sound of home) (1895)
- Suite in E-flat major (1897)
- Finnish Rhapsody (1899)
- Praeludium (1900)
- Berceuse (1904)
In addition, he composed more than 70 solo songs, 21 pieces for male chorus, 12 part-songs for mixed chorus, and 13 cantatas.
Järnefelt also wrote stage and film music, e.g. for the film Song of the Scarlet Flower (1919), directed by Mauritz Stiller, possibly the first original film music by a Nordic composer.
His siblings were Kasper Järnefelt, a critic and translator of Russian literature; the writer Arvid Järnefelt (the incidental music for his play Kuolema was written by Jean Sibelius); the painter Eero Järnefelt (Erik); Ellida; Ellen, Aino (who married Sibelius); Hilja; and Sigrid.
He was married twice: firstly to the soprano Maikki Järnefelt (née Pakarinen) from 1893-1908 (she subsequently married Selim Palmgren), and secondly in 1910 to the opera singer Olivia Edström.
In June 2012 a display of Järnefelt paraphernalia was opened in the entrance of the Sibelius Academy situated in the Helsinki Music Center.
- Photo of Järnefelt conducting the Royal Swedish Orchestra during the 400th anniversary celebrations of the Royal Swedish Opera (in Swedish). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Edvard Armas Järnefelt" (in Swedish). Kungliga Hovkapellet. 2007-12-14. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Salmi, Hannu (15 April 2008). "Järnefeltin jalanjäljillä: Laulu tulipunaisesta kukasta (1919)" (in Finnish). [In the footsteps of Järnefelt : Song of the Scarlet Flower(1919)]. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Free scores by Armas Järnefelt at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)