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Johann Baptist Georg Neruda

Date de naissance 1707 à Rositz bei Pardubice, Pardubický kraj, Tchéquie

Date de décès 1780 à Dresden, Sachsen, Allemagne

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Johann Baptist Georg Neruda

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Johann Baptist Georg Neruda (Czech: Jan Ktitel Jií Neruda, 1708c. 1708 – 1780c. 1780) was a classical Czech composer.

Relative to other composers of the Classical music era Neruda is little known, and his dates of birth and death (taken from the Grove Dictionary) are only approximations. He was born in Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic, to a well-respected musical family. After spending his earlier years gaining a good reputation as a violinist and conductor in Prague and Germany, Neruda became Konzertmeister of the Dresden court orchestra.

His compositional output includes eighteen symphonies, fourteen instrumental concertos (including a trumpet and bassoon concerto), sonatas, sacred works and an opera Les Troqueurs.

According to Nimbus Records Ltd. (1994), one of the composer's more significant works is the Concerto in E-flat for Trumpet and Strings. Originally written for the "corno da caccia" or "natural horn" using only the high register, it is now rarely performed on anything other than an E-flat or B-flat trumpet. Incidentally, the Corno da Caccia for which Neruda wrote is not to be confused with the 4-valved hunting horn which has recently been given the same name. The manuscript for this piece is in the National Library in Prague, along with several other unusual works for brass instruments. Mozart's Trumpet Concerto K 47c has never been located but is established to have once existed, and the Neruda Trumpet Concerto has admirably assumed its role in the trumpeters repertoire.

References

  • Neruda, Johann Baptist Georg; Annegret Rosenmüller (2006 edition). Sei sonate a tre für Violino I, Violino II und Basso continuo, Beeskow: Ortus. OCLC 70912463.
  • Ottenberg, Hans-Günter; Zdenka Pilková (1984). The Symphony in Dresden: ten symphonies, New York: Garland. Contains a symphony in A written between 1745 and 1770 by Neruda (name given as Jan Ktitel Jií Neruda)

External links

Dernière modification de cette page 17.08.2013 16:21:31

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