born on 13/7/1930 in Kvutzat Kinneret, Israel
died on 26/6/2004
Naomi Shemer (Hebrew: ; July 13, 1930 June 26, 2004) was a leading Israeli musician and songwriter, hailed as the "first lady of Israeli song and poetry." Her song Yerushlayim Shel Zahav (Jerusalem of Gold) written in 1967, became an unofficial second anthem after Israel won the Six-Day War that year and reunited Jerusalem.
Naomi Sapir was born on Kvutzat Kinneret, a kibbutz her parents had helped found, on the shores of the Sea of Galilee. In the 1950s she served in the Israeli Defense Force's Nahal entertainment troupe, and studied music at the Rubin Academy in Jerusalem, and in Tel Aviv with Paul Ben-Haim, Frank Pelleg, Abel Ehrlich, Ilona Vincze-Kraus and Josef Tal.
Marriage and family
She first married actor Gideon Shemer and had a daughter, Lali. They were later divorced.
She later married the attorney Mordechai Horowitz, with whom she had a son, Ariel.
Shemer did her own songwriting and composing, set famous poems to music, such as those of the Israeli poet, Rachel, and the American Walt Whitman. She also translated and adapted popular songs into Hebrew, such as the Beatles song "Let It Be" in 1973.
In 1963, she composed "Hurshat Ha'Eucalyptus" ("The Eucalyptus Grove"), a song that evokes Kvutzat Kinneret where she was born. It was covered in a recent version by Ishtar.
In 1967, she wrote the patriotic song, "Yerushalayim Shel Zahav", which was sung by Shuly Nathan and became famous. She wrote it for the Israeli Music Festival. After Israel's victory in the Six-Day War that year, she added another verse celebrating the reunification of Jerusalem . The song "gained the status of an informal second national anthem."
Shemer continued to write her own songs. She died in 2004 of cancer. Shortly before her death, she wrote to a friend, saying she had used a Basque folk melody as the basis for her 1967 "anthem," "Jerusalem of Gold". She had always denied it before. The friend and her family decided to publish the account.
In 1962, the singer Paco Ibanez performed the Basque melody, "Pello Joxepe" (Joseph The Fool), in Israel, when Shemer might have heard it. He said musicians borrow music without knowing where their inspiration comes from. Although he heard the similarity in her melody, he did not think it significant and said she should not have felt guilty about it.
In 1983, Shemer received the Israel Prize for Hebrew song (words and melody).
In 2005, she was ranked 6th among the "200 Greatest Israelis", in a public poll by the Israeli news website Ynet.
- All My Songs (Almost), 1967, published by Yedioth Ahronoth
|Tomorrow||On The Jordan||The White Town|
|A Chariot of Fire||Lights Out||Black Coffee|
|My Soldier is Back||Fields at Sunset||Green Meadows|
|Four Brothers||Soldiers En Route||A Song For Gideon|
|The Long Hike||The Builders' Love||Yesternight|
|Look For Me||Men At Work!||The Two of Us|
|We Are Starving!||In Such a Night||A Lament|
|An Umbrella For Two||The Clown||Just For You|
|My Dream House||Ophelia||Night on the Shore|
|Anniversary Song||The Spy-Girl||Answers|
|My Flute||A Serenade||A City in Grey|
|Twelve Months||Flowers, Herbs, Etc.||Jerusalem of Gold|
|A Short Walk||The Market Song||On Silver Wings|
|My Fathers Song||Night on the Park||Lullaby for Colors|
- The Second Book, copyright 1975, published by Lulav
|Land of Lahadam||Funny Faces||For Children|
|Land of Lahadam||Beautiful People||Rosh-Hashana|
|Nachal in Sinai||Sixteen||Shlomit|
|Maoz Tsur||Mr. Narcissus||Aleph-Beit|
|The Sacrifice of Isaac||The Witches||When Adar Comes|
|Giora||A Special Lullaby||Let's Say|
|All We Pray For||Shem, Cham, & Yefet||I Have a Friend|
|A Song is Born||The Shark||On the Move|
|Things we Have||Paranoid||Summer Holiday|
|Bethlehem||Two Street-Photographers||Tall Stories|
|Why Did Michael Laugh||How to Break a Chamsin|
|Yesh Li Chag|
|Shalom Kitah Aleph|
|To Sing Like a Jordan|
- Number Three (Sefer Gimel), copyright 1982, published by Lulav
|Songs||Poems||Imported Wine||Children Everywhere||Columns from Davar|
|Al Kol Eleh||Omrim Yeshna Eretz||Oifen Veg Stait a Bhoim||Children Everywhere||Shalom, Ida Nudel|
|Good People||Hoi Artzi Moladti||Si Tous les Oiseaux||Grapefruit||Pardes-Hanna|
|Shirat Ha'Asavim||Come & Sing||Le Testament||Autumn||It's Raining|
|Cheveley Mashiach||Kinneret||La Non-Demande en Mariage||Our Benjamin||Yehuda|
|Tapuach Bi'Dvash||Begani||Il n'y a pas d'Amour Heureux||The Piano||Vintage Days|
|New Babylon||Zemer||Un Amour de Vingt Ans|
|Spring Parade||Ki Sa'art Alai||Sur le Chemin du Retour|
|The Eighth Day||The Third Mother||Barbara|
|Summer||Your Lily-White Feet||Dedication|
|Zamar Noded||My Sudden Death|
|Landmarks||Let's go to the Field|
|My Town in the Snow|
| Lots of Love
- Ain Mashehu cmo zeh
|The Party is Over|
|El Borot Ha'Mayim|
- Book Four (Sefer Arbah), copyright 1995, published by Shva Publishers
|Uncategorized||6 Songs for Yehoram Gaon||11 Personal Belongings for Moshe Beker||5 Songs for Rivka Michaeli||Hebrew Versions||6 Children Songs||Lyrics for Mattai Caspi's Music|
|Light||Kemo Katsav||Personal Belongings||Street Musicians||Musica||Chanuka||Shulamit|
|The Guest||You Can't Beat Me||Swan Girl||Global Patrol||Willow Songs||Tu Bishvat||Simchati|
|We Aren't There Yet||You're the Best||Old Flame||Not Bialik||Ne Me Quitte Pas||Pesach||Farewll|
|Ir Va'Em||Good Morning||Flower||Never a Dull Moment||One Little Kid|
|My Mother's Portrait||Libavtini||Prelude||Upside Down|
|The Bread of Love||Roof|
|After the Harvest||Gai|
|The Flour Jar||Time|
|Pardes-Chana II||September First|
|I'm a Guitar|
|To Light a Candle|
|Your Sons From Afar|
|On the Boardwalk|
|It's All Open|
|My Young Disaster|
- List of Israel Prize recipients
- 'Jerusalem of Gold,' Israel Festival Song, Strikes Gold, October 21, 1967. URL accessed on November 28, 2010.
- Naomi Shemer: First lady of Israeli song, June 27, 2004. URL accessed on November 28, 2010.
- Colton, Miriam, A Nation Mourns Naomi Shemer, Iconic Songstress, July 2, 2004. URL accessed on November 28, 2010.
- her speech receiving Honoris Causa degree from Ben-Gurion University (1993)
- 5.0 5.1 Naomi Shemer 1930-2004. Haaretz. Haaretz.com. Retrieved on August 27, 2007.
- 6.0 6.1 Saxon, Wolfgang. "Naomi Shemer, 74, Poet and Composer, Dies", New York Times obituary, 29 June 2004, accessed 3 August 2012
- Haaretz, July 7, 2008
- 8.0 8.1 Idit Avrahami, Nurit Wurgaft, "Naomi Shemer had no reason to feel bad, says Basque singer", Haaretz, 6 May 2005, accessed 3 August 2012
- Israel Prize Official Site Recipients in 1983 (in Hebrew).
- ', 1: , Ynet, June 20, 1995. URL accessed on July 10, 2011.