Alexander Alexandrovich Alyabyev
born on 15/8/1787 in Tobolsk, Siberia, Russian Federation
died on 6/3/1851 in Moscow, Russian Federation
Born to a wealthy family in Tobolsk in Siberia, Alyabyev learned music in his early years. He joined the Russian Army in 1812, during the Napoleonic War, and fought as an officer until 1823. He participated in the entry of the Russian forces into Dresden and Paris, and he won two awards.
After the mysterious death of a man he spent all night gambling with in February 1825, he was arrested on a charge of murder. While the evidence was not conclusive, Tsar Nicholas I expressly ordered him into exile to his native town of Tobolsk. Freed in 1831, he spent some years in the Caucasus before returning to Moscow, where he died in 1851.
Alyabyev's most famous work is The Nightingale (Solovey), a song based on a poem by Anton Delvig. It was composed while Alyabyev was in prison, in 1825. It has entered Russian consciousness as akin to a folk song.
The song became more widely known after having been introduced into Rosina's singing lesson scene in Gioachino Rossini's The Barber of Seville by Pauline Viardot, followed by Adelina Patti and Marcella Sembrich.
- The Village Philosopher (vaudeville, with Alexey Verstovsky and Maurer, 1823)
- The Mermaid and the Fisherman (opera, 1842)
- Ammalat-Bek (opera, 184347)
- A Prisoner in the Caucasus (opera, 1845)
- Morning and Evening (vaudeville)
- Moonlit Night, or The House Spirits (opera)
- Celebration of Muses (which opened the Bolshoi Theatre (1825)
- The Magic Drum, or the Sequel to The Magic Flute (ballet)
- incidental music to Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor
- incidental music to Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream
- three string quartets
- Three Tens, or The New Two Day Adventure
- Walker, William Thomas (March 2002). The Artaria String Quartet at UNC: Who's on First? (Account of a performance of one of Alyabyev's string quartets). Classical Voice of North Carolina. Retrieved on 2009-01-27.
- Musical Tales: Three Alexanders. The Voice of Russia (July 28, 2005). Retrieved on 2011-12-07.
- Alyabyev Biography at Bashedu.ru (Russian). Retrieved on 2009-01-27.
- ALYABIEV - russian composer (chamber vocal music - art songs, lieder). RUVO-classic Artists Management (2000). Retrieved on 2009-01-27.
- Free scores by Alexander Alyabyev in the International Music Score Library Project
- Free scores Mutopia Project
- Free scores by Alexander Alyabyev in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)