born on 12/10/1942 in Montgomery, AL, United States
died on 23/2/1995 in Los Angeles, CA, United States
David Melvin English (October 12, 1942 – February 23, 1995) better known by the stage name Melvin Franklin, was an American bass singer. Franklin was best known for his role as a member of Motown singing group The Temptations from 1960 to 1994.
Early life and career
David English was born in Montgomery, Alabama to Rose English, a teenage mother from nearby Mobile. His biological father was the preacher of the English family's church in Mobile, who, according to his mother, impregnated her through non-consensual relations. Following David's birth, Rose English married Willard Franklin and moved to Detroit, her grandmother insisting young David be left behind in her care. David English finally moved to Detroit with his mother and stepfather in 1952 at age ten.
Taking on his stepfather's surname for his stage name as a teenager, David English - now Melvin Franklin - was a member of a number of local singing groups in Detroit, including The Voice Masters with Lamont Dozier and David Ruffin, and frequently performed with his best friend, Richard Street. Franklin often referred to Street - and Ruffin, another childhood friend - as his "cousins".
In 1958, a classmate of Franklin's at Northwestern High School, Otis Williams, invited Franklin to join his singing group, Otis Williams and the Siberians. Franklin joined the group as its bass singer, and remained with Williams and Elbridge Bryant when they, Paul Williams, and Eddie Kendricks formed The Elgins in late 1960. In March 1961, the Elgins signed with Motown Records under a new name; The Temptations. He had a fondness for the color blue, and so he was nicknamed "Blue" by his friends and fellow singers. According to Otis Williams, Franklin romantically pursued Supremes singer Mary Wilson at one point.
Best friends for over thirty years, Williams and Franklin were the only two Temptations to never quit the group. One of the most famous bass singers in black music over his long career, Franklin's deep vocals became one of the group's signature trademarks. Franklin sang a handful of featured leads with the group as well, including the songs "I Truly, Truly Believe" (The Temptations Wish It Would Rain, 1968), "Silent Night" (Give Love At Christmas, 1980), "The Prophet" (A Song for You, 1975), and his signature live performance number, Paul Robeson's "Ol' Man River". Franklin was usually called upon to deliver ad-libs, harmony vocals, and, during the psychedelic soul era, notable sections of the main verses. His line from The Temptations' 1970 #3 hit "Ball of Confusion (That's What the World Is Today)", "and the band played on", became Franklin's trademark.
In the late 1960s, Franklin was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, the symptoms of which he combated with cortisone so that he could continue performing. The constant use of cortisone left his immune system open to other infections and health problems; as a result Franklin developed diabetes in the early 1980s and later contracted necrotizing fasciitis. In 1978 he was shot in the hand and in the leg while trying to stop a man from stealing his car in Los Angeles.
On February 17, 1995, after a series of seizures, Melvin lapsed into a coma and remained unconscious until his death on February 23, 1995.
In addition to singing, Franklin also worked as a voice actor. In 1984, he provided the voice for the character of "Wheels" in the animated series Pole Position.
In 1989, Melvin Franklin was inducted into The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of The Temptations. On August 17, 2013 in Cleveland, Ohio Melvin Franklin was inducted into the Official R&B Music Hall of Fame along with The Temptations
In popular culture
In 1998, NBC aired The Temptations, a four-hour television miniseries based upon an autobiographical book by Otis Williams. Melvin was portrayed by actor D. B. Woodside.
- 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Ribowsky, Mark (2010). Ain't Too Proud to Beg: The Troubled Lives and Endearing Soul of the Temptations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 14-16
- 2.0 2.1 Ribowsky, Mark (2010). Ain't Too Proud to Beg: The Troubled Lives and Endearing Soul of the Temptations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 40, 93-95
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years, 1st, London: Reed International Books Ltd. CN 5585.
- List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees
- Melvin Franklin in-depth interview by Pete Lewis, 'Blues & Soul' October 1992 (reprinted February 2009)
- Melvin Franklin at the Internet Movie Database
- Melvin Franklin interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1969).
- Melvin Franklin. Find a Grave.
Joe Herndon · Ron Tyson · Terry Weeks · Otis Williams · Bruce Williamson|
Elbridge "Al" Bryant · G.C. Cameron · Ray Davis · Dennis Edwards · Melvin Franklin · Damon Harris · Barrington "Bo" Henderson · Eddie Kendricks · Glenn Leonard · Ricky Owens · Theo Peoples · Louis Price · David Ruffin · Richard Street · Paul Williams · Ali-Ollie Woodson
|Management||Shelly Berger · Milton Jenkins · Johnnie Mae Matthews · Otis Williams|
|Production||Berry Gordy · Smokey Robinson · Norman Whitfield|
|Studio albums||Meet the Temptations · The Temptations Sing Smokey · The Temptin' Temptations · Gettin' Ready · The Temptations with a Lot o' Soul · The Temptations Wish It Would Rain · Cloud Nine · Puzzle People · Psychedelic Shack · Sky's the Limit · Solid Rock · All Directions · Masterpiece · 1990 · A Song for You · House Party · Wings of Love · The Temptations Do the Temptations · Bare Back · Here to Tempt You · Power · The Temptations · Reunion · Surface Thrills · Back to Basics · Truly for You · Touch Me · To Be Continued · Together Again · Special · Milestone · Phoenix Rising · Ear-Resistible · Awesome · Legacy|
|Cover albums||The Temptations in a Mellow Mood · Reflections · Back to Front|
|Live albums||Temptations Live! · Live at the Copa · Live at London's Talk of the Town · The Temptations in Japan|
|Other albums||Diana Ross & the Supremes Join the Temptations · TCB · The Temptations Show · Together · On Broadway · The Temptations Christmas Card · Give Love at Christmas|
|Compilations||Anthology · Emperors of Soul · The Ultimate Collection · 20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: The Best of the Temptations, Vol 1: The 1960s · 20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: The Best of the Temptations, Vol. 2: The 1970s, '80s and '90s · My Girl: The Very Best of the Temptations · Psychedelic Soul|
|Filmography||Save the Children · Happy New Year · The Temptations · Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story|
|Videography||The Temptations: Live in Concert · 20th Century Masters: The Best of the Temptations · Get Ready: The Definitive Live Performances - 1965-1972 · The Temptations: Live in London|
|Discography||Albums · Songs|
|Related persons||The Supremes · Barrett Strong · Sly Stone · George Clinton|
|See also||Motown Records · Psychedelic soul|