Music database


Paul Wranitzky

Paul Wranitzky

born on 30/12/1756 in Neureisch, Czechia

died on 26/9/1808 in Wien, Wien, Austria

Links (German)

Pavel Wranitzky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Pavel Vranický (later Germanized to Paul Wranitzky) (30 December 1756 29 September 1808) was a Bohemian classical composer. His brother, Antonín, was also a composer.


Wranitzky was born in Neureisch (now Nová íe) in Moravia on December 30, 1756.

At age 20, Pavel, like so many other Bohemian composers of that period, moved to Vienna to seek out opportunities within the Austrian imperial capital.

From 1790, Wranitzky served as conductor of both royal theater orchestras. He was highly respected by Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven; the latter two preferred him as the conductor of their new works. Vranický was a prolific composer. His output comprises ten operas, forty-four symphonies, at least 56 string quartets (some sources give a number as high as 73) and a large amount of other orchestral and chamber music. His opera, Oberon - the fairy king from 1789 was a favorite in this genre and inspired Schikaneder to write The Magic Flute; in the mid-1790s, Goethe sought to collaborate with Vranický on a sequel to the Mozart opera.

Wranitzky died in Vienna on September 29, 1808.

Although some scholars believe that he studied with Haydn, there is no proof of this. But there can be no question that he studied and was influenced by Haydns quartets. Like Haydn, Vranickýs quartet writing went through many stages of development beginning with the pre-classical and evolving to the finished sonata form of the late Vienna Classics. The majority of Vranickýs quartets are in three movements; many share the qualities of the Parisian quatour concertant, with virtuoso writing in all four parts. In these works, he explored the emerging Romantic style with (for the time) daring harmonic progressions, theatrical gestures, and virtuoso display. Based on the ten Vranický quartets he's studied, the music historian and Reicha scholar Ron Drummond writes, "I can safely and with absolute confidence say that Vranický's achievement as a composer of string quartets is a greater achievement, overall, than Mozart's. Lest that statement be misunderstood, let me clarify: it's simply that Vranický's output dwarfs Mozart's, and the quality of each man's (mature) productions is so superb that Vranický wins by sheer numbers." [1]

Writing about Vranický's music in the last part of the 19th century, the famous French critic and musicologist Fetis recalled: The music of Wranitzky was in fashion when it was new because of his natural melodies and brilliant style. He treats the orchestra well, especially in symphonies. I recall that, in my youth, his works held up very well in comparison with those of Haydn. Their premature abandonment of today has been for me a source of astonishment.


Operas and Singspiele


  • Die gute Mutter (J.B. von Alxinger, Vienna, 1795)
  • Das Maroccanische Reich oder Die unterirdischen Schätze (1795)
  • Die Dienstpflicht (s.a.)


  • Das Fest der Lazaronen (J. Perinet, Vienna, 1794)


  • Oberon, König der Elfen (libretto by F.S. Seyler, extensively revised by Karl Ludwig Giesecke. Vienna, 1789)
  • Der dreifache Liebhaber (Vienna, 1791)
  • Rudolph von Felseck (J. Korompay, Vienna, 1792)
  • Merkur, der Heiratstifter, oder Der Geiz im Geldkasten (Vienna, 1793)
  • Die Post-Station oder Die unerwartete Zusammenkunft (S.F. Künster, 1793)
  • Der Schreiner (A. von Kotzebue, Vienna, 1799)
  • Die drei Buckligen (Warsaw, 1808)

Other types of Opera Works

  • 1 quadro musicale romantico:
  • Johanna von Montfaucon (A. von Kotzebue, Vienna, 1799)
  • 1 Liedspiel:
  • Das Mitgefühl (F. Treitschke, Vienna, 1804)
  • 2 divertissement:
  • Das Picknick der Götter (Schönbrunn, 1804)
  • Die Erkenntlichkeit (Vienna, 1804)
  • 2 travestimenti-melologhi:
  • Medea
  • Macbeth


  • Die Weinlese (Vienna, 1794)
  • Zephir und Flora (Vienna, 1795)
  • Das Waldmädchen (Vienna, 1796)
  • Die Luftfahrer (Vienna, 1797)
  • Cyrus and Tomyris (1797)
  • Die Waise der Berghöhle (Vienna, 1810)
  • Walmir und Gertraud (ca. 1800)
  • Das Urteil des Paris (Vienna, 1801)
  • Der Raub der Sabinerinnen (Vienna, 1804)
  • Zufriedenheit mehr als Reichtum (Vienna, 1805)
  • Zelina und Gorano (Vienna, 1806)

Theatre Music

  • Rollas Tod (A. von Kotzebue, Vienna, 1795)
  • Achmet und Zenide (A.W. Iffland)
  • Jolantha
  • Die Rache
  • Siri-Brahe


  • 1 Cantata


56 symphonies: 29 published symphonies, 27 symphonies in manuscripts.


  • For Piano,
  • Violin Concerto in C
  • Violin Concerto in D
  • Violin Concerto in F
  • Violin Concerto in G
  • Cello Concerto in C, op 27
  • Flute Concerto in D, op 24/op 1
  • Oboe Concerto in G
  • Concertante for Flute & Oboe in C, op 39
  • Concertino for Oboe & Cello in D (lost) *
  • Concerto for two Flutes in G (lost) *

Other Orchestra Works

Overture, Divertimenti, Tafelmusik, Dances

Chamber Music

Quartets, Quintets, etc.

Piano Music

3 sonatas

Sacred Music

  • 1 Missa


  • Works according to the catalogue published by Pulcini Franco, Torino 1985.
  • Some of the information in this article appears on the website of Edition Silvertrust but permission to use this text under the GNU Free Documentation License has been provided to Wikipedia.
  • Opera at Stanford University

External links

This page was last modified 21.11.2010 17:10:31

This article uses material from the article Pavel Wranitzky from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and it is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.