born on 23/1/1928 in Paris, Île-de-France, France
died on 31/7/2017 in Paris, Île-de-France, France
Jeanne Moreau (French pronunciation: [ʒan mɔʁo]; born 23 January 1928) is a French actress, singer, screenwriter and director. She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria! (1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She has also been the recipient of several lifetime awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996.
Moreau made her theatrical debut in 1947, and established herself as one of the leading actresses of the Comédie-Française. She began playing small roles in films in 1949, impressing in a Fernandel vehicle Meutres? in 1950, and alongside Jean Gabin as a showgirl/gangster's moll in the 1954 film Touchez Pas au Grisbi. She achieved prominence as the star of Elevator to the Gallows (1958), directed by Louis Malle, and Jules et Jim (1962), directed by François Truffaut. Most prolific during the 1960s, Moreau continued to appear in films into her eighties.
Early life and education
Moreau was born in Paris the daughter of Katherine (née Buckley), a dancer who performed at the Folies Bergère (d.1990), and Anatole-Désiré Moreau, a restaurateur (d.1975). Moreau's father was French; her mother was English, a native of Lancashire in England, and of part-Irish descent. Moreau's father was Catholic and her mother, originally a Protestant, converted to Catholicism upon marriage. When a young girl, "the family moved south to Vichy, spending vacations at the ancestral village of Mazirat, a town of 30 houses in a valley in the Allier. 'It was wonderful there,' Moreau said. 'Every tombstone in the cemetery was for a Moreau.'" During the war, the family was split and Moreau lived with her mother in Paris. Moreau ultimately lost interest in school at age 16 and, after attending Jean Anouilh's Antigone, found her calling as an actor. She later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris. Her parents separated permanently while Moreau was at the conservatory and her mother, "after 24 difficult years in France, returned to England with Jeanne's younger sister, Michelle."
In 1947, Moreau made her theatrical debut at the Avignon Festival. She debuted at the Comédie-Française in Ivan Turgenev's A Month in the Country and, by her twenties, was already one of leading actresses in the theatre's troupe. After 1949, she began appearing in films with small parts but continued primarily active in the theatre for several years—a year at the Théâtre National Populaire opposite among others Gérard Philipe and Robert Hirsch, then a breakout two years in dual roles in The Dazzling Hour by Anna Bonacci, then Jean Cocteau's La Machine Infernale and others before another two-year run, this time in Shaw's Pygmalion. From the late 1950s, after appearing in several successful films, she began to work with the emerging generation of French film-makers. Elevator to the Gallows (1958) with first-time director Louis Malle was followed by Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1959). The latter film, controversial in its day, led the media to tag her 'The New Bardot'.
Largely thanks to those films, Moreau went on to work with many of the best known New Wave and avant-garde directors. François Truffaut's New Wave film Jules et Jim (1962), her biggest success internationally, is centred on her magnetic starring role. She has also worked with a number of other notable directors such as Michelangelo Antonioni (La notte and Beyond the Clouds), Orson Welles (The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and The Immortal Story), Luis Buñuel (Diary of a Chambermaid), Elia Kazan (The Last Tycoon), Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Querelle), Wim Wenders (Until the End of the World), Carl Foreman (Champion and The Victors), and Manoel de Oliveira (Gebo et l'Ombre).
In 1983 she was head of the jury at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival. In 2005, she was awarded with the Stanislavsky Award at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival.
Moreau has had success as a vocalist. She has released several albums and once performed with Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall. In addition to acting, Moreau has also worked behind the camera, as a writer, director and producer. Her blended accomplishments were the subject of a 1988 film profile, Calling the Shots, by Janis Cole and Holly Dale.
Throughout her life, Moreau has maintained friendships with prominent writers such as Jean Cocteau, Jean Genet, Henry Miller and Marguerite Duras (an interview with Moreau is included in Duras's book Outside: Selected Writings). She has been married to Jean-Louis Richard (1949–1964) and then to American film director William Friedkin (1977–1979). Director Tony Richardson left his wife, Vanessa Redgrave, for her in 1967 but they never married. She has also had affairs with directors Louis Malle and François Truffaut, fashion designer Pierre Cardin, jazz trumpeter Miles Davis and Theodoros Roubanis, the Greek actor/playboy.
Moreau is a close friend of Sharon Stone, who presented a 1998 American Academy of Motion Pictures life tribute to Moreau. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world", and she remains one of France's most accomplished actresses.
|1950||Meurtres ?||Martine Annequin||Richard Pottier|
|1952||The Man in My Life||Suzanne Dubreuil||Guy Lefranc|
|1953||Dortoir des grandes||Julie||Henri Decoin|
|Julietta||Rosie Facibey||Marc Allégret|
|1954||Touchez pas au grisbi||Josy||Jacques Becker|
|Les Intrigantes||Mona Rémi||Henri Decoin|
|La Reine Margot||Margaret of Valois||Jean Dréville|
|1958||Ascenseur pour l'échafaud||Florence Carala||Louis Malle|
|The Lovers (Les amants)||Jeanne Tournier|
|1959||Les liaisons dangereuses||Juliette de Merteuil||Roger Vadim|
|The Four Hundred Blows||(cameo appearance)||François Truffaut|
|1960||Dialogue with the Carmelites||Mère Marie de l'Incarnation||Philippe Agostini|
|Moderato Cantabile||Anne Desbarèdes||Peter Brook|
|1961||A Woman Is a Woman||(uncredited cameo, discussing Jules et Jim)||Jean-Luc Godard|
|La Notte||Lidia||Michelangelo Antonioni|
|1962||The Trial||Miss Burstner||Orson Welles|
|Jules et Jim||Catherine||François Truffaut|
|Eva||Eva Olivier||Joseph Losey|
|1963||Banana Peel (Peau de banane)||Cathy||Marcel Ophüls|
|The Victors||the French lady||Carl Foreman|
|The Fire Within (Le feu follet)||Eva||Louis Malle|
|Bay of Angels||Jacqueline "Jackie" Demaistre||Jacques Demy|
|1964||Diary of a Chambermaid||Célestine||Luis Buñuel|
|The Train||Christine||John Frankenheimer|
|The Yellow Rolls-Royce||Eloise, Marchioness of Frinton||Anthony Asquith|
|Mata Hari, Agent H21||Mata Hari||Jean-Louis Richard|
|1965||Viva Maria!||Maria I||Louis Malle|
|Chimes at Midnight||Doll Tearsheet||Orson Welles|
|1967||The Oldest Profession (episode "Mademoiselle Mimi")||Mimi Guillotine||Philippe de Broca|
|The Sailor from Gibraltar||Anna||Tony Richardson|
|1968||The Immortal Story||Virginie Ducrot||Orson Welles|
|Great Catharine||Catharine||Gordon Flemyng|
|The Bride Wore Black||Julie Kohler||François Truffaut|
|1970||The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir||the singer||Jean Renoir|
|Monte Walsh||Martine Bernard||William A. Fraker|
|1972||Chère Louise||Louise||Philippe de Broca|
|Nathalie Granger||"the other woman"||Marguerite Duras|
|1974||Les Valseuses||Jeanne Pirolle||Bertrand Blier|
|1975||Joanna Francesa||Joanna||Cacá Diegues|
|1976||The Last Tycoon||Didi||Elia Kazan|
|Monsieur Klein||Florence||Joseph Losey|
|1982||Querelle||Lysiane||Rainer Werner Fassbinder|
|La Truite||Lou||Joseph Losey|
|1986||Le Tiroir secret (TV miniseries)||Vivi||(different directors)|
|1987||The Miracle||Sabine||Jean-Pierre Mocky|
|Alberto Express||the Baroness||Arthur Joffé|
|1991||Anna Karamazoff||the Lady||Rustam Khamdamov|
|To meteoro vima tou pelargou||the Lady||Theo Angelopoulos|
|The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea||Lady M||Laurent Heynemann|
|Until the End of the World||Edith Farber||Wim Wenders|
|1992||The Absence||the writer's wife||Peter Handke|
|1993||A Foreign Field||Angelique||Charles Sturridge|
|Catherine the Great||Empress Elizabeth Petrovna||Marvin J. Chomsky|
|Map of the Human Heart||Sister Banville||Vincent Ward|
|The Summer House||Lili||Waris Hussein|
|1995||Beyond the Clouds||a Lady||Michelangelo Antonioni and Wim Wenders|
|1996||The Proprietor||Adrienne Mark||Ismail Merchant|
|I Love You, I Love You Not||Nana||Billy Hopkins|
|1997||Witch Way Love||Eglantine||René Manzor|
|1998||Ever After||Marie Thérèse of France||Andy Tennant|
|2001||Cet amour-là||Marguerite Duras||Josée Dayan|
|2003||Love Actually||Lady at Marseilles Airport (cameo)||Richard Curtis|
|Les parents terribles||Tante Leo||Josée Dayan|
|2005||Time to Leave||Laura||François Ozon|
|Les Rois maudits (TV miniseries)||Mahaut, Countess of Artois||Josée Dayan|
|2006||Roméo et Juliette||Laurence||Yves Desgagnés|
|2012||Gebo et l'Ombre||Candidinha||Manoel de Oliveira|
|2012||Une estonienne à Paris||Frida||Ilmar Raag|
- Lumière (1976)
- L'Adolescente (1979)
- Lillian Gish (1983, TV documentary)
Awards and nominations
|2008||César Awards||Honorary César||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2005||Moscow International Film Festival||Stanislavsky Prize||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2003||Cannes Film Festival||Honorary Golden Palm||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2003||Taormina International Film Festival||Taormina Arte Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2001||Pusan International Film Festival||Hand Printing (tribute)||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2000||Berlin International Film Festival||Honorary Golden Berlin Bear||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1999||Hamptons International Film Festival||Distinguished Achievement Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1999||Créteil International Women's Film Festival||Homage||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1998||Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences||Tribute||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1997||European Film Awards||Life Achievement Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1997||San Sebastián International Film Festival||Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1996||BAFTA Awards||Academy Fellowship||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1995||César Awards||Honorary César||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1994||Women in Film Crystal Award||International Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1992||Venice Film Festival||Career Golden Lion||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1992||César Awards||Best Actress||The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea||Won|
|1988||César Awards||Best Actress||Le Miraculé||Nominated|
|1987||César Awards||Best Supporting Actress||Le Paltoquet||Nominated|
|1984||Razzie Awards||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song||Querelle – song: "Young and Joyful Bandit"||Nominated|
|1979||Berlin International Film Festival||Golden Berlin Bear||L'adolescente||Nominated|
|1979||Chicago International Film Festival||Gold Hugo||L'adolescente||Nominated|
|1976||Chicago International Film Festival||Gold Hugo||Lumière||Nominated|
|1976||Taormina International Film Festival||Golden Charybdis||Lumière||Nominated|
|1967||BAFTA Awards||Best Foreign Actress||Viva Maria!||Won|
|1964||Karlovy Vary International Film Festival||Best Actress||Diary of a Chambermaid||Won|
|1963||BAFTA Awards||Best Foreign Actress||Jules et Jim||Nominated|
|1962||Jussi Awards||Diploma of Merit – Foreign Actress||La notte||Won|
|1961||Fotogramas de Plata||Best Foreign Performer||Le dialogue des Carmélites||Won|
|1960||Cannes Film Festival||Best Actress||Moderato cantabile||Won|
|1958||Venice Film Festival||Best Actress||Les amants||Won|
|1988||Molière Awards||Best Actress||Le Récit de la servante Zerline||Won|
- Farrell, Barry, "Actresses: Making the Most of Love", Time cover story pp. 4–5, 5 March 1965. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
- "Jeanne Moreau Biography (1928-)". www.filmreference.com.
- Stated in interview at Inside the Actors Studio
- Famous French people of immigrant origin, Eupedia : France Guide
- "Jeanne Moreau Biography – Yahoo! Movies".
- "Berlinale: 1983 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
- "27th Moscow International Film Festival (2005)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Jeanne Moreau : bio de Jeanne Moreau". Gala.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- Roubanis was previously the companion of Henry Plumer McIlhenny. The relationship with McIlhenny was cited in Welsh and Tibbett's The Cinema of Tony Richardson(SUNY Press, 1999). Roubanis later married Lady Sarah Churchill.Lady Sarah Spencer-Churchill obituary, The Telegraph, 19 October 2000.
- "Salon.com People - Jeanne Moreau".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeanne Moreau.|
- Jeanne Moreau Biography on newwavefilm.com
- Jeanne Moreau on IMDb
- Jeanne Moreau at AllMovie