born on 3/8/1917 in New York City, NY, United States
died on 8/7/1971 in New York City, NY, United States
Charles James Shavers (August 3, 1920 – July 8, 1971) was an American swing era jazz trumpeter who played with Dizzy Gillespie, Nat King Cole, Roy Eldridge, Johnny Dodds, Jimmie Noone, Sidney Bechet, Midge Williams, and Billie Holiday. He was an arranger and composer, and one of his compositions, "Undecided", is a jazz standard.
Shavers's father, a distant relative of Fats Navarro, was from the prominent Shavers family of Key West, Florida. Charlie was a cousin of heavyweight boxer Earnie Shavers. Born in New York City, he took up piano and banjo before switching to trumpet.
In the mid-1930s, he performed with Tiny Bradshaw and Lucky Millinder. In 1935 he played in the trumpet section with Dizzy Gillespie and Carl (Bama) Warwick in Frankie Fairfax's Campus Club Orchestra. In 1936 he joined John Kirby's Sextet as trumpet soloist and arranger. He was only 16, but gave his birth date as 1917 to avoid child labor laws; many biographies still list this date.
Shavers's arrangements and solos helped make the band one of the most commercially successful and imitated of its day. In 1937, he performed with Midge Williams and her Jazz Jesters. In 1944 he began playing sessions in Raymond Scott's CBS staff orchestra. In 1945 he left John Kirby's band to join Tommy Dorsey's Orchestra, with whom he toured and recorded, off and on, until 1953. During this time he continued to play at CBS; he also appeared with the Metronome All-Stars, and made a number of recordings as trumpet soloist with Billie Holiday. From 1953 to 1954 he worked with Benny Goodman and toured Europe with Norman Granz's popular Jazz at the Philharmonic series, where he was a crowd favorite. He formed his own band with Terry Gibbs and Louie Bellson.
Shavers died from throat cancer in New York in 1971 at the age of 50. His friend Louis Armstrong died while Shavers was on his deathbed, and his last request was that his trumpet mouthpiece be buried with Armstrong.
- JATP: The Trumpet Battle 1952 (with Roy Eldridge)
- Horn o' Plenty (Bethlehem, 1954)
- The Most Intimate (Bethlehem, 1955)
- Gershwin, Shavers and Strings (Bethlehem, 1955)
- We Dig Cole (Jass, 1958)
- Blue Stompin' (Prestige Records,1959) with Hal Singer
- Charlie Digs Paree (MGM, 1959)
- Charlie Digs Dixie (MGM, 1959)
- Girl of My Dreams (Everest, 1959)
- Here Comes Charlie (Everest, 1960)
- Like Charlie (Everest, 1960)
- Swing Along (Sesac, 1961)
- Swingin' with Charlie (Sesac, 1961)
- Here's Charlie (Sesac, 1961)
- The Music from Milk and Honey (Everest, 1961) (with Wild Bill Davis)
- Live at the London House (Hep, 1962)
- Excitement Unlimited (Capitol, 1963)
- At Le Crazy Horse Saloon in Paris (Everest, 1964)
- The Last Session (Black & Blue, 1970)
With Count Basie
- The Count! (Clef, 1952 )
With Louis Bellson
- Louis Bellson Quintet (Norgran, 1954)
- The Driving Louis Bellson (Norgran, 1955)
- Let's Call It Swing (Verve, 1956)
- Drummer's Holiday (Verve, 1958)
- With Coleman Hawkins
- The Hawk in Hi Fi (RCA Victor, 1956)
- Hawk Eyes (Prestige, 1959)
With Woody Herman
- Songs for Hip Lovers (Verve, 1957)
With Billie Holiday
- Lady Sings the Blues (Verve, 1956)
- With Budd Johnson
- Blues a la Mode (Felsted, 1958)
- The Drum Battle (Verve, 1952 )
- The new Grove dictionary of jazz. Kernfeld, Barry Dean, 1950-. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1994. ISBN 0333632311. OCLC 30516743.
- Wynn, Ron (1994), Ron Wynn, ed., All Music Guide to Jazz, M. Erlewine, V. Bogdanov, San Francisco: Miller Freeman, p. 578, ISBN 0-87930-308-5