born on 30/1/1935 in London, England, United Kingdom
died on 8/7/1973 in London, England, United Kingdom
Edward Brian "Tubby" Hayes (30 January 1935 – 8 June 1973) was an English jazz multi-instrumentalist, best known for his tenor saxophone playing in groups with fellow sax player Ronnie Scott and with trumpeter Jimmy Deuchar.
Hayes was born in St Pancras, London, and brought up in London. His father was a BBC studio violinist who gave his son violin lessons from an early age. By the age of ten, Hayes was playing the piano, and started on the tenor sax at 11. Dizzy Gillespie was an early influence:
I always used to listen to swing music in the early 'Forties and, in fact, I was just a kid at the time. I did not really intend becoming a tenor player, though I always liked tenor. I think maybe Dizzy influenced me more than Parker because he was sort of more accessible, he caught your attention more. As far as my influences over the years are concerned, Getz was it at one stage in the proceedings, and later Rollins, Coltrane, Hank Mobley and, to a lesser degree, even Zoot [Sims].
One much repeated story about Hayes' early career was told by Ronnie Scott. Scott was playing at a club in Rose Hill near Sutton, and was asked whether he minded if a local player sat in: "This little boy came up, not much bigger than his tenor sax. Rather patronisingly I suggested a number and off he went. He scared me to death."
Hayes attended Rutlish School in Merton Park, south London, where his music teacher was Roy Howard. After a period spent playing with various semi-professional bands around London, Hayes left school and started playing professionally at the age of 15.
In 1951, aged 16, Hayes joined Kenny Baker's sextet, later playing for big-band leaders such as Ambrose, Terry Brown, Tito Burns, Roy Fox, Vic Lewis and Jack Parnell. In 1955, he formed his own octet, with which he toured the UK for 18 months.
Hayes took up the vibraphone in early 1957, having tried Victor Feldman's instrument on a gig. Although the vibes were a key double in his instrumental arsenal, he eventually tired of playing them, recording his final solo on the instrument in 1966.
From 1957 to 1959, he joined Ronnie Scott in co-leading a quintet, The Jazz Couriers, perhaps the most fondly remembered of British modern jazz groups.
Hayes took up the flute in 1958, making his recording debut on the instrument a year later. He continued to feature the flute throughout the remainder of his life.
Subsequently, Hayes reformed his quartet, and toured Germany with Kurt Edelhagen. Then, in 1961, he was invited to play at the Half Note Club in New York City; a new transatlantic Musicians' Union agreement meant that, in exchange, Zoot Sims played at Ronnie Scott's. While in the United States, Hayes recorded (Tubbs In N.Y.) with Clark Terry, Eddie Costa, and Horace Parlan, returning in 1962 for another visit, this time recording Return Visit! with James Moody, Roland Kirk, Walter Bishop Jr, Sam Jones and Louis Hayes. He played at the Half Note again in 1964, and at the Boston Jazz Workshop the same year, and at Shelly Manne's Manne-Hole in Los Angeles in 1965.
Back in London, Hayes formed his own big band, working in television, film and radio, and even having his own television series (1961–1962, and 1963). He stood in for Paul Gonsalves in February 1964 (with whom he also recorded twice: Just Friends taped in February 1964 and Change of Setting recorded a year later), when the Ellington orchestra played at the Royal Festival Hall.
As well as leading his own bands and recording under his own name, Hayes also appears on recordings by other UK jazz musicians, such as the Harry South Big Band, the Ian Hamer Sextet and later studio sessions by Ted Heath's Orchestra. Hayes was also a prolific session musician in many genres. Among his many credits, Hayes was one of the session musicians on Music in a Doll's House, the 1967 debut album by rock band Family, on which Mike Batt arranged the strings and brass. Batt credits Hayes with saving his arrangement on the track "Old Songs for New Songs", which was his first major recording session as an arranger—on the first take, he discovered he had inadvertently notated the parts in the wrong key but Hayes and his colleagues, realising his mistake, discreetly transposed their parts by ear so that they would match the backing track.
Hayes appeared in a number of films, including All Night Long (1961) with Dave Brubeck and Charles Mingus, and (with his group) in A King in New York directed by Charlie Chaplin (1957), The Beauty Jungle (1964) and Dr. Terror's House of Horrors (1965). He also played at jazz festivals, including Reading, Windsor, Antibes, Lugano, Vienna and Berlin.
By the mid-sixties, regular gigs were harder to come by for British jazz musicians; first rock and roll, and then rhythm & blues and The Beatles had altered the musical landscape and as a result Hayes now rarely worked at London clubs like 'The Flamingo' and 'The Marquee' at which he'd been a regular headliner during the late 1950s and early 1960s. Matters were made worse by a combination of relationship, alcohol and narcotics issues, which by 1968 had begun to publicly affect his career. He was arrested in August 1968 for possession of heroin and was given a suspended sentence. By the end of the following year, he had begun to experience breathing difficulties when playing, the latest in a long series of afflictions. In 1970, Hayes spent 15 weeks in a hospital with a severe infection of his internal organs. In July 1971, he underwent open heart surgery to replace the Mitral Valve. This operation was a success and he was able to start performing again in December 1971. In 1972, he toured Norway, Sweden and Finland.
Hayes died In 1973, during a second heart operation at Hammersmith, at the age of 38. He was cremated and the ashes interred at the Golders Green Crematorium, where there is a white stone memorial plaque affixed to one of the walls. The epitaph reads "Long Live His Memory And His Music".
Hayes left a legacy of recordings which became sought-after collectors' items, almost all of which have been re-issued on CD. Despite a rumour that some early Tempo master tapes owned by Decca were discarded by the company, it was discovered that certain masters did still exist, including those for one of Hayes's best albums, Tubby's Groove, recorded in 1959. Further tapes from this session were sent to Blue Note Records for audition in 1960 but were subsequently lost until they were rediscovered in 2008. These were included in the album Tubby's New Groove, issued by Candid in 2011.
In 2015, a full-length biography, The Long Shadow of The Little Giant: The Life, Work and Legacy of Tubby Hayes by Simon Spillett was published by Equinox Publishing. The book received praise in both the specialist and non-specialist press, and was nominated among the top books of 2015 by The Guardian. Spillett has also catalogued Hayes private tape archive and has organised the release of many previously unheard Hayes sessions on labels including Art Of Life, Rare Music, Harkit, Tentoten, Savage Solweig, Gearbox, Candid, Jasmine, Proper, Acrobat, Fantastic Voyage, Avid and Real Gone Jazz.
A DVD documentary, Tubby Hayes: A Man In A Hurry, directed by Lee Cogswell and produced by Mark Baxter, with narration by actor Martin Freeman, was released in 2015. It contains archive footage and interviews with fellow musicians, friends, family and fans of Hayes.
- 1955: The Little Giant, Volume 1 – Tubby Hayes and His Orchestra (Tempo EXA 14 [7" EP])
- 1955: The Little Giant, Volume 2 – Tubby Hayes and His Orchestra (Tempo EXA 17 [7" EP])
- 1955: The Swinging Giant, Volume 1 – Tubby Hayes Quartet (Tempo EXA 27 [7" EP])
- 1955: The Swinging Giant, Volume 2 – Tubby Hayes Quartet (Tempo EXA 28 [7" EP])
- 1955–56: Little Giant of Jazz – Tubby Hayes Quartet/Quintet (Imperial LP 9046)
- 1956: British Modern Jazz Scene 1956 – Tubby Hayes and His Orchestra (Tempo TAP 2)
- 1956: ...After Lights Out – Tubby Hayes Quintet (Tempo TAP 6)
- 1957: The Jazz Couriers Featuring Ronnie Scott and Tubby Hayes (Tempo TAP 15) – with Ronnie Scott, Terry Shannon, Phil Bates, Bill Eyden
- 1958: In Concert – The Jazz Couriers (Tempo TAP 22)
- 1958: The Eighth Wonder – Tubby Hayes (Tempo EXA 82 [7" EP]) – with Phil Bates, Bill Eyden
- 1959: England's Greatest Combo...The Couriers of Jazz! (London LTZ-L 15188)
- 1959: The Last Word – The Jazz Couriers (Tempo TAP 26) [also released as The Message From Britain (Jazzland JLP 934)]
- 1959: London Jazz Quartet (Tempo TAP 28) – with Alan Branscombe, Jack Fallon, Tony Crombie [rel. 1960]
- 1959: Tubby's Groove – Tubby Hayes Quartet (Tempo TAP 29) [rel. 1960]
- 1959: Tubby's New Groove – Tubby Hayes Quartet [rel. 2011]
- 1961: Tubbs (Fontana TFL 5142) [also released as Introducing Tubbs (Epic BA 17019)]
- 1961: Palladium Jazz Date [live] (Fontana TFL 5151) – album shared with Cleo Laine; Laine is on Side A, Hayes' quartet is on Side B.
- 1961: All Night Long (soundtrack) (Fontana TFL 5179/STFL 591) – with Dave Brubeck, Johnny Dankworth, Charles Mingus [rel. 1962]
- 1961: Tubbs In N.Y. (Fontana TFL 5183/STFL 595) [also released as Tubby The Tenor (Epic BA 17023)] – Tubby Hayes Sextet (including Clark Terry, Eddie Costa, Horace Parlan)
- 1962: Return Visit! (Fontana TL 5195) [also released as Tubby's Back In Town! (Smash SRS 67026)] – Tubby Hayes and The All Stars (including James Moody, Roland Kirk, Walter Bishop Jr.) [rel. 1963]
- 1962: Late Spot At Scott's [live] (Fontana TL 5200) – Tubby Hayes Quintet [rel. 1963]
- 1962: Down In The Village [live] (Fontana 680 998 TL) – Tubby Hayes Quintet [rel. 1963]
- 1963: A Tribute: Tubbs [live] [rel. 1981]
- 1963–65: Live In London (includes an interview with Hayes by Les Tomkins at 'The Old Place' in Gerrard Street, London) [rel. 2004]
- 1963–66: Night And Day [live] [rel. 1995]
- 1964: Tubbs' Tours [live] (Fontana STL 5221) – The Tubby Hayes Orchestra
- 1964: Dancing In The Dark [live] – Tubby Hayes Quintet [rel. 2011] ***note: sub-titled 'The Tubby Hayes Archive...Volume 02' (Savage Solweig SS-002CD)
- 1965: Commonwealth Blues (BBC recordings) [rel. 2005]
- 1965: Live At The Hopbine [rel. 2006]
- 1965: Intensity: The 1965 Tapes [live] [rel. 2008]
- 1966: Jazz Tête à Tête – with Les Condon Quartet [rel. 1994]
- 1966: Addictive Tendencies [live] [rel. 2005]
- 1966: Live At The Dancing Slipper [rel. 2005]
- 1967: 100% Proof (Fontana STL 5410) – The Tubby Hayes Orchestra
- 1967: Mexican Green (Fontana SFJL 911) – Tubby Hayes Quartet [rel. 1968]
- 1967: For Members Only: '67 Live – Tubby Hayes Quartet [rel. 1993]
- 1967–70: Lament [live] – Tubby Hayes Quartet [rel. 2010] ***note: sub-titled 'The Tubby Hayes Archive...Volume 01' (Savage Solweig SS-001CD)
- 1968: The Syndicate: Live At The Hopbine 1968, Vol. 1 [rel. 2005]
- 1969: Live 1969 – Tubby Hayes Quartet [rel. 1986]
- 1969: 200% Proof (BBC broadcast) – The Tubby Hayes Orchestra [rel. 1992]
- 1969: Rumpus [live] – The Tubby Hayes Big Band [rel. 2015] ***note: sub-titled 'The Tubby Hayes Archive...Volume 03' (Savage Solweig SS-003CD)
- 1970: The Orchestra – The Tubby Hayes Orchestra (Fontana 6309 002)
- 1972: Tubby Hayes Quartet In Scandinavia [live] [rel. 1998]
- 1972: Symphony: The Lost Session [live] [rel. 2015]
- 1972: Split Kick: Live In Sweden 1972 [rel. 2016] ***note: sub-titled 'The Tubby Hayes Archive...Volume 04' (Savage Solweig SS-004CD)
With Jack Costanzo
- Equation In Rhythm (Fontana TFL 5190/STFL 598, 1962)
With Tony Crombie and His Men
- Atmosphere (Columbia EMI 33SX 1119, 1959)
With Johnny Dankworth and His Orchestra
- What the Dickens! (Fontana TL 5203, 1963)
With Jimmy Deuchar
- Pub Crawling (Contemporary C 3529, 1957)
With Georgie Fame and The Harry South Big Band
- Sound Venture (Columbia EMI SX 6076, 1966)
With Victor Feldman
- Suite Sixteen (Contemporary C 3541, 1955 [rel. 1958])
With Paul Gonsalves
- Just Friends (Columbia EMI SX 6003, 1964)
- Change of Setting (World Record Club ST 631, 1965 [rel. 1967])
With Dizzy Reece
- Changing The Jazz At Buckingham Palace (Savoy MG 12111, 1956)
- Blues in Trinity (Blue Note BLP 4006/BST 84006, 1958)
With Lalo Schifrin
- The Liquidator (soundtrack) (MGM E 4413, 1965)
With The Stan Tracey Big Band
- Alice In Jazz Land (Columbia EMI SX 6051, 1966)
- Ian Carr, Digby Fairweather, & Brian Priestley – The Rough Guide To Jazz (ISBN 1-85828-528-3)
- Jack Massarik – "Mr. 100 Percent" (in Jazzwise 90, September 2005)
- Simon Spillett – The Long Shadow of The Little Giant: The Life, Work and Legacy of Tubby Hayes (