born on 18/7/1891 in London, Ontario, Canada
died on 31/3/1957 in Santa Monica, CA, United States
Edwin Eugene Lockhart (July 18, 1891 – March 31, 1957) was a Canadian-American character actor, singer, and playwright. He also wrote the lyrics to a number of popular songs. He became a United States citizen in 1939.
Born in London, Ontario, the son of John Coats Lockhart and Ellen Mary (née Delaney) Lockhart, he made his professional debut at the age of six when he appeared with the Kilties Band of Canada. He later appeared in sketches with Beatrice Lillie.
Lockhart was educated in various Canadian schools and at the London Oratory School in London, England. He also played football for the Toronto Argonauts.
Lockhart had a long stage career; he also wrote professionally and taught acting and stage technique at the Juilliard School of Music in New York City. He had also written theatrical sketches, radio shows, special stage material, song lyrics and articles for stage and radio magazines.
He made his Broadway debut in 1916, in the musical The Riviera Girl. He was a member of the traveling play The Pierrot Players (for which he wrote the book and lyrics). This play introduced the song, The World Is Waiting for the Sunrise, for which Lockhart wrote the lyrics along with Canadian composer Ernest Seitz. (The song was subsequently made popular by Les Paul and Mary Ford in the 1950s.) He wrote and directed the Broadway musical revue Bunk of 1926. He sang in Die Fledermaus for the San Francisco Opera Association. On Broadway, Lockhart originated the role of Uncle Sid in Eugene O'Neill's only comedy, Ah, Wilderness! (1933), and took over from Lee J. Cobb as Willy Loman, during the original run of Death of a Salesman (1949).
However, Lockhart is mostly remembered for his film work. He made his film debut in the 1922 version of Smilin' Through, as the Rector, but did not make his sound debut until 1934 in the film By Your Leave, where he played the playboy Skeets. Lockhart subsequently appeared in more than 300 motion pictures. He often played villains, including a role as the treacherous informant Regis in Algiers, the American remake of Pepe le Moko, which gained him an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. He also played the suspicious Georges de la Trémouille, the Dauphin's chief counselor, in the famous 1948 film Joan of Arc, starring Ingrid Bergman. He had a great succession of "good guy" supporting roles including Bob Cratchit in A Christmas Carol (1938) and the judge in Miracle on 34th Street (1947).
Ironically, upon the arrival of Orson Welles in Hollywood in 1940, Lockhart became well known as the author of a short poem satirizing Welles entitled "Little Orson Annie":
Little Orson Annie's come to our house to play
An' josh the motion pitchurs up an' skeer the stars away
An' shoo the Laughtons off the lot an' build the sets an' sweep
An' wind the film an' write the talk an' earn her board and keep;
An' all of us other actors, when our pitchur work is done,
We sit around the Brown Derby bar an' has the mostest fun,
A-listenin' to the me-tales 'at Annie tells about,
An' the Gobblewelles'll git YOU
Ef you DON'T WATCH OUT!
The poem is a parody of the 1885 poem "Little Orphant Annie" by James Whitcomb Riley.
Lockhart is remembered as the Starkeeper in Carousel (1956). Playing a bumbling sheriff, he appeared in His Girl Friday (1940) opposite Cary Grant and Rosalind Russell. He also appeared in the movie The Sea Wolf (1941), adapted from the novel by Jack London, as a ship's doctor. His last film role was that of the Equity Board President in the film Jeanne Eagels (1957).
Lockhart has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame—one for motion pictures, at 6307 Hollywood Boulevard, and one for television at 6681 Hollywood Boulevard. Both were dedicated February 8, 1960.
Lockhart was the husband of Kathleen Lockhart, the father of June Lockhart and the grandfather of Anne Lockhart.
Lockhart died April 1, 1957, from a coronary thrombosis at the age of 65 in St. John's Hospital, Santa Monica, California. He is buried next to his wife in Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City.
- Smilin' Through (1922) - Village Rector (film debut)
- The No Man (1933 short)
- Paul Revere, Jr. (1933 short) - Miles Standish (uncredited)
- By Your Leave (1934) - Skeets
- The Gay Bride (1934) - Jim Smiley (uncredited)
- Captain Hurricane (1935) - Capt. Jeremiah Taylor
- I've Been Around (1935) - Sammy Ames
- Storm Over the Andes (1935) - Cracker
- Star of Midnight (1935) - Horatio Swayne
- Thunder in the Night (1935) - Police Lt. Gabor
- Crime and Punishment (1935) - Lushin
- The Garden Murder Case (1936) - Lowe Hammle
- Brides Are Like That (1936) - John Robinson
- The First Baby (1936) - Mr. Ellis
- Times Square Playboy (1936) - P.H. "Ben" / "Pig Head" Bancroft
- Earthworm Tractors (1936) - George Healey
- The Gorgeous Hussy (1936) - Maj. William O'Neal
- The Devil Is a Sissy (1936) - Mr. Murphy
- Wedding Present (1936) - Archduke Gustav Ernest
- Come Closer, Folks (1936) - Elmer Woods
- Mind Your Own Business (1936) - Bottles
- Career Woman (1936) - Uncle Billy Burly
- Mama Steps Out (1937) - Mr. Sims
- Too Many Wives (1937) - Winfield Jackson
- The Sheik Steps Out (1937) - Samuel P. Murdock
- Something to Sing About (1937) - Bennett O. "B.O." Regan
- Algiers (1938) - Regis
- Of Human Hearts (1938) - Quid
- Sinners in Paradise (1938) - Senator Corey
- Stock and Blondes (1938 short)
- Men Are Such Fools (1938) - Bill Dalton
- Penrod's Double Trouble (1938) - Mr. Frank Schofield
- Meet the Girls (1938) - Homer Watson
- Listen, Darling (1938) - Mr. Drubbs
- Blondie (1938) - C.P. Hazlip
- A Christmas Carol (1938) - Bob Cratchit
- Sweethearts (1938) - Augustus
- I'm from Missouri (1939) - Porgie Rowe
- The Story of Alexander Graham Bell (1939) - Thomas Sanders
- Hotel Imperial (1939) - Elias
- Tell No Tales (1939) - Arno
- Bridal Suite (1939) - Cornelius McGill
- Our Leading Citizen (1939) - J.T. Tapley
- Blackmail (1939) - William Ramey
- Geronimo (1939) - Gillespie
- His Girl Friday (1940) - Sheriff Peter B. Hartwell
- Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940) - Stephen Douglas
- Edison the Man (1940) - Mr. Taggart
- We Who Are Young (1940) - C.B. Beamis
- South of Pago Pago (1940) - Lindsay
- Dr. Kildare Goes Home (1940) - George Winslow
- A Dispatch from Reuter's (1940) - Otto Bauer
- Keeping Company (1940) - Mr. Hellman
- Meet John Doe (1941) - Mayor Lovett
- The Sea Wolf (1941) - Dr. Prescott
- Billy the Kid (1941) - Dan Hickey
- One Foot in Heaven (1941) - Preston Thurston
- The Devil and Daniel Webster (1941) - Squire Slossum
- International Lady (1941) - Sidney Grenner
- They Died with Their Boots On (1941) - Samuel Bacon, Esq.
- Steel Against the Sky (1941) - John Powers
- Juke Girl (1942) - Henry Madden
- The Gay Sisters (1942) - Herschell Gibbon
- You Can't Escape Forever (1942) - Carl Robelink
- Forever and a Day (1943) - Cobblewick
- Hangmen Also Die (1943) - Emil Czaka
- Mission to Moscow (1943) - Premier Molotov
- Find the Blackmailer (1943) - John M. Rhodes
- Northern Pursuit (1943) - Ernst
- Madame Curie (1943) (uncredited)
- The Desert Song (1943) - Pere FanFan
- Action in Arabia (1944) - Josef Danesco
- Going My Way (1944) - Ted Haines Sr.
- Man from Frisco (1944) - Joel Kennedy
- That's the Spirit (1945) - Jasper Cawthorne
- The House on 92nd Street (1945) - Charles Ogden Roper
- Leave Her to Heaven (1945) - Dr. Saunders
- Meet Me on Broadway (1946) - John Whittaker
- A Scandal in Paris (1946) - Prefect of Police Richet
- The Strange Woman (1946) - Isaiah Poster
- The Shocking Miss Pilgrim (1947) - Saxon
- Honeymoon (1947) - Consul Prescott
- Miracle on 34th Street (1947) - Judge Henry X. Harper
- Cynthia (1947) - Dr. Fred I. Jannings
- The Foxes of Harrow (1947) - Viscount Henri D'Arceneaux
- Her Husband's Affairs (1947) - Peter Winterbottom
- The Inside Story (1948) - Horace Taylor
- I, Jane Doe (1948) - Arnold Matson
- Apartment for Peggy (1948) - Prof. Edward Bell
- Joan of Arc (1948) - Georges de la Trémouille
- That Wonderful Urge (1948) - Judge Parker
- Down to the Sea in Ships (1949) - Andrew L. Bush
- The Sickle or the Cross (1949) - James John
- Madame Bovary (1949) - J. Homais
- Red Light (1949) - Warni Hazard
- The Inspector General (1949) - The Mayor
- Riding High (1950) - J.P. Chase
- The Big Hangover (1950) - Charles Parkford
- I'd Climb the Highest Mountain (1951) - Jeff Brock
- Rhubarb (1951) - Thaddeus J. Banner
- Texas Lady (1951) - Judge George Jeffers
- A Girl in Every Port (1952) - Garvey
- Hoodlum Empire (1952) - Sen. Tower
- Bonzo Goes to College (1952) - Clarence B. Gateson
- Apache War Smoke (1952) - Cyril R. Snowden
- Face to Face (1952) - Capt. Archbold ('The Secret Sharer')
- Androcles and the Lion (1952) - Menagerie Keeper
- Down Among the Sheltering Palms (1953) - Rev. Paul Edgett
- Confidentially Connie (1953) - Dean Edward E. Magruder
- The Lady Wants Mink (1953) - Mr. Heggie
- Francis Covers the Big Town (1953) - Tom Henderson
- The Backbone of America (1953 TV movie) - Uncle Cedric
- World for Ransom (1954) - Alexis Pederas
- The Father Who Had No Sons (1955 TV movie) - Milton Hershey
- The Vanishing American (1955) - Blucher
- Carousel (1956) - Starkeeper/ Dr. Selden
- The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1956) - Bill Hawthorne
- Jeanne Eagels (1957) - Equity Board President (final film)
- List of actors with Academy Award nominations
- Naturalization info re Gene Lockhart, ancestry.com; accessed October 10, 2015.
- "Heart Seizure Is Fatal To Gene Lockhart". Ocala Star-Banner. April 1, 1957. p. 11. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- Thomas, Nick (15 December 2014). "June Lockhart remembers "A Christmas Carol" as a family affair". The Londoner. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "Eugene Lockhart". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Gene Lockhart". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Gene Lockhart". The Montreal Gazette. April 1, 1957. p. 37. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Gene Lockhart of Stage, Screen Actor of Supporting Roles Dies — Had First Broadway Part in 1916", New York Times, April 1, 1957.
- Thomas, Nick (2011). Raised by the Stars: Interviews with 29 Children of Hollywood Actors. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6403-6. (Includes an interview with Lockhart’s daughter, June)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gene Lockhart.|
- Works by or about Gene Lockhart at Internet Archive
- Gene Lockhart on IMDb
- 15458 Gene Lockhart at the Internet Broadway Database
- Gene Lockhart at Find a Grave
- Sheet music for "The World is Waiting for the Sunrise", Chappell-Harms, 1919.
- Go Abroad with the Lockharts on The Digital Deli Too -- information about a radio program that starred Gene Lockhart and his wife, Kathleen